What happens after high seas
Balloons and string knotted with seaweed
The beaches all around the UK are a precious natural resource which have suffered from pollution and the influence of man going back through time.
A lot of work has been done and is ongoing, to protect and preserve this natural resource.
Local charities and community groups, councils, statutory agencies like the Environment Agency and United Utilities and national charities like the Marine Conservation Society (MCS) all play a part. All this effort makes a huge difference.
While you're out and about - how you can help is fairly obvious, but it still needs saying. Put your litter in a bin. Always pick up after your dog. Behave responsibly and look after the environment.
While you're at home - take care of your drains! Please only flush the 3 p's - that's pee, poo and paper. Don't put wipes down your loo, and please don't put fat down your drains"
All of this goo sets together in the sewage system and creates 'fatbergs'. These reduce the capacity of the system, and can block it entirely. So when there are periods of heavy rainfall the fatbergs can lead to flooding - and more often to sewage being discharged into rivers and onto beaches.
Throughout the bathing season, on designated bathing beaches, sea water tests are taken from specified places at specified times, and on this basis a bathing water quality mark is awarded.
There are many different factors which affect these readings and can cause them to fail. We can all play a part in making sure that the water meets the highest standard possible. Be responsible for your own actions - at home as well as near the beach.
For example, putting 'rubbish' like wet wipes down your toilet and using it as a bin can lead to the sewage system blocking up.
Fats and oils put down sinks will block sewage pipes in much the same way that cholesterol blocks your arteries and is bad for your health.
When the sewage system gets blocked with a combination of solidified fats and debris like wet wipes, the pipes narrow and then the system can't cope with the volume of fluid, which means there is no choice but for it to overflow into rivers and ultimately the sea during periods of heavy rainfall.
Leaving dog poo on the beach pollutes bathing waters and if a bathing water reading were to be taken after a period of heavy soiling (like a particularly beautiful weekend for example with lots of dog walking taking place) that could cause a water reading to fail.
There are a number of community groups on the coast who carry out a regular programme of beach cleans. There is the Friends of Lytham Estuary, The Fairhaven Coastal Care Group who work in the Fairhaven Lake area of St Annes, and the Rossall Beach Residents & Community Group who clean the northern shingle beach off Cleveleys sea front.
The litter and debris which is left on the strandline is both what is washed up from the seas and that which is dropped on the shores.
Marine litter has huge consequences for wildlife and the habitat in which they live.
Entanglements in rubbish kill many birds, fish and mammals. This juvenile seagull was found in Cleveleys, entangled in fishing line and hooks.
Many more die because they have eaten so much plastic, having mistaken it for food, that they literally starve to death.
Plastics never disappear - they stay in the environment forever. Eventually they break down into micro-plastics and enter the food chain when they are eaten by microscopic organisms.
That's why being careful with your litter, and litter picking, is so important.
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